Bernie Sanders on Infrastructure
“As part of the Green New Deal, we need millions of workers to rebuild our crumbling infrastructure—roads, bridges, drinking water systems, wastewater plants, rail, schools, affordable housing—and build our 100% sustainable energy system. This infrastructure is critical to a thriving, green economy.” – Bernie Sanders 2020 campaign website
America has an outdated rail system and has fallen far behind other industrialized countries. A 2019 report estimates it will take more than 80 years to fix all 47,000 of the nation’s structurally deficient bridges, some of which could collapse. Our roads aren’t adequately maintained, have too much traffic, and are becoming more dangerous. Airports are increasingly unable to meet the needs of the $2.5 trillion U.S.travel economy. Schools are in poor condition and there is an affordable housing crisis.
Bernie sees rebuilding our nation’s infrastructure as a critical function of government, but also as an opportunity to address the urgent need to transition to a green economy that runs on sustainable energy and creates good paying jobs.
Rebuild America’s Infrastructure: Our roads, bridges, drinking water systems, wastewater plants, rail, schools, and affordable housing have not been maintained, repaired and replaced to keep the nation’s infrastructure safe and operational. Additionally, our infrastructure investments have not kept pace with the growth of our country and have failed to keep up with technological advances and the rest of the world. We have to take action.
Rebuilding Will Provide Jobs: Addressing our infrastructure problems and building a 100% sustainable energy system will create good paying jobs that will contribute to economic growth for families and communities across the country.
Rebuild America’s Infrastructure
Bernie believes we are long overdue to repair and update our country’s infrastructure. Poor infrastructure not only poses a safety threat and risks bridge collapses or dam breaches, but also reduces our quality of life and results in lost productivity.
Any American who deals with potholes, slow internet service, and the unavailability of public transit – among other numerous and regular inconveniences – knows first-hand that poor infrastructure is a serious problem.
What do you mean by infrastructure?
Infrastructure is the basic physical stuff that makes our country work, it includes: roads, bridges, dams, electrical grids, railways, airports, ports, waterways, schools, public parks, government buildings, drinking water systems, and phone and internet lines. Well-maintained infrastructure increases transportation efficiency, decreases threats posed by natural disasters, and promotes economic growth. Businesses and citizens benefit from having reliable utilities and adequate public buildings to educate children and administer government operations.
The most identifiable piece of American infrastructure is the Interstate Highway System which started to be built in 1956. The fiber optic cables for the internet and utility lines for phone, electricity and water, run along these highways on public rights of way.
Is our infrastructure really “crumbling”?
Yes, it is. In its annual report card on the nation’s infrastructure, the American Society of Civil Engineers (ASCE) gave the United States a cumulative grade of D+.
Here’s a short video that discusses our infrastructure challenge:
As Bernie has said, “Look, this is kind of a ‘no-brainer.’ Whether you are in the state of Vermont or the state of California, you understand that our infrastructure is crumbling: our roads, our bridges, our water systems, our wastewater plants, our airports, our levies and our dams.”
Here are some statistics:
- 42 percent of major urban highways are congested
- Traffic congestion costs $160 billion annually and increases carbon emissions
- Vehicle travel increased by 17 percent from 2000 to 2017, while new road mileage increased by only 5 percent
- America’s bridges are old – 47,000 are structurally deficient
- 45 percent of America’s major roads are in poor or mediocre condition
- Driving on poor roads costs U.S. motorists $131 billion annually in vehicle repairs and operating costs — $616 per motorist
What has Bernie proposed to fix this?
In 2015 Bernie introduced the Rebuild America Act saying,
“America once led the world in building and maintaining a nationwide network of safe and reliable bridges and roads. Today, nearly a quarter of the nation’s 600,000 bridges have been designated as structurally deficient or functionally obsolete. Let’s rebuild our crumbling infrastructure. Let’s make our country safer and more efficient. Let’s put millions of Americans back to work.”
The bill called for an investment of $1 trillion over 5 years to rebuild and expand on our country’s infrastructure and to create over 13 million good-paying jobs. It would be paid for by closing corporate income tax loopholes and overseas tax havens.
Here’s Bernie talking about the 2015 Rebuild America Act:
Investing in infrastructure repairs and upgrades are part of Bernie’s Green New Deal.
Yikes! That’s a lot of money. How can we afford to invest $1 trillion in infrastructure?
In its 2016 economic impact study, the American Civil Society of Engineers (ASCE) found the economic consequences of not investing in infrastructure include:
- $3.9 trillion in losses to the U.S. GDP by 2025;
- $7 trillion in lost business sales by 2025; and
- 2.5 million lost American jobs by 2025.
- American families will lose more than $3,400 in disposable income each year – about $9 each day.
You can look at the condition of the infrastructure of your state here.
It’s clear we need to invest in our infrastructure, but where’s the money coming from?
Investing in infrastructure boosts the economy now and saves money long-term.
One study found that non-residential construction generates $1.92 for each $1 spent in short term economic impact. The long-term impact is even greater — $3.21 for each $1 spent. A separate study found that each dollar spent on infrastructure investments added $3 to GDP growth. Another study estimates that 1.5 million jobs would be created by spending an additional 1 percent of GDP.
We know that large investments in infrastructure can be done. As Bernie has noted, we found a way to pay for the $1.7 trillion cost of the Iraq War, which included rebuilding much of the infrastructure that was destroyed.
In terms of funding a large investment in infrastructure, Bernie has made it clear that the wealthiest Americans, large corporations, and Wall Street must pay their fair share in taxes and he has introduced a number of bills to curb corporate tax dodging which would raise over half of the required revenue. Bernie’s Green New Deal includes further explanation of his plans on how to pay for this fundamental government responsibility.
Rebuilding Will Provide Jobs
Bernie believes that the fastest way to create millions of jobs is to rebuild our crumbling infrastructure; he’s been saying so for decades!
“There’s a reason that investing in our infrastructure has traditionally enjoyed bipartisan support in Congress. It’s a good idea. It creates jobs, income, profits and tax revenues. It lays a foundation for the efficient operation of our economy in the future.”
How does investing in infrastructure create jobs?
Fixing our infrastructure would give American workers good-paying jobs, stimulate our economy, and boost our national productivity.
According to a research paper by Standard & Poor, $1.3 billion in infrastructure investment would create about 29,000 construction jobs, and many more jobs indirectly.
A University of Georgetown study concluded that 11 million jobs would be created with a $1 trillion investment. Forbes, on the other hand, puts the estimate at closer to 27 million for a $1.2 trillion investment over 5 years.
Bernie says we need millions of workers to rebuild our crumbling infrastructure.
He believes 5-year, $1 trillion investment will create 13 million good paying jobs.
“A $1 trillion investment would put 13 million people to work repairing the backlog of infrastructure projects all across this country,” he continued. “Moreover, each project would require equipment, supplies and services, and the hard-earned salaries from the jobs created would be spent in countless restaurants, shops and other local businesses. And, all of this economic activity would generate new tax revenues to pay for the services that the American people expect and deserve.”
As Bernie said, not only will new construction jobs be created, these new jobs mean that people will have more money. This results in increased spending, which further stimulates economic growth in other sectors. To meet the increased consumer demand new businesses will form and established businesses will expand and grow, creating even more jobs.
One thing is clear from all of the studies and reports: investing in infrastructure will create much need good paying jobs.